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How Did Matthew Use His Sources?

J. Andrew Doole’s monograph What was Mark for Matthew (Mohr Siebeck, 2013) examines how Matthew treated his sources on the conventional Two Source HypothesisIn dialogue with Ulrich Luz’s proposal that Matthew began with the sayings of Jesus in Q before his worldview was broadened by encountering Mark’s supposedly Gentile-Christian Gospel, Doole views Matthew as a loyal follower of Mark who chooses to integrate Q sayings into Mark’s primary narrative framework.

I recently came across a critical review article by Joseph Verheyden entitled “Matthew’s building blocks: Mark and Q – A critical look at a recent monographIn die Skriflig/In Luce Verbi 49.1 (2015): 1-10. Verheyden dissents from Doole’s judgments on Matthew’s literary creativity (e.g. on whether “M” reflects unknown traditions that expanded on Mark or the evangelist’s own editorial activity) and on the impact that Q had on Matthew’s rewriting of Mark’s Gospel among other points. The review caught my eye because I had also reviewed this monograph for Marginalia and contrasted the views of Doole and David Sim on whether Matthew viewed Mark’s Gospel as an important achievement worthy of emulation or as a rough draft that he sought to replace. See also Paul Foster’s review for The Expository Times. Readers should check out this book if interested not only in how the Synoptic Gospel writers edit their sources, but also why they chose to do so.

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