My review of Michael F. Bird’s Jesus the Eternal Son: Answering Adoptionist Christology (Eerdmans, 2017) has been posted at the online publication Reviews of Biblical and Early Christian Studies. You can get a preview of Bird’s argument in his interviews for Eerdmans and the OnScript podcast and his post at the Centre for the Study of Christian Origins blog. His own popular blog is entitled Euangelion (“Gospel”). I wanted to write this review not only to evaluate Bird’s well-argued case that what is typically labelled as “adoptionism” (i.e. the notion that Jesus was merely human and transformed into the divine Son at his baptism or his resurrection) does not surface until the late second century CE, but also to reflect on the valuable conversation between the historical study of what different individuals or groups believed about Jesus at different times and places with the theological study about what Christians who embrace the whole canon and creeds confess about Him.