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The Literary Relationship between 2 Peter and Jude

There are extensive parallels between 2 Peter and Jude. These parallels are covered, along with the reasons for the majority scholarly view that 2 Peter is literarily dependent on Jude rather than the other way around or both borrowing from a common source, in Jeremy Hultin, “The Literary Relationship between 1 Peter, 2 Peter, and Jude” in Reading 1-2 Peter and Jude: A Resource for Students (ed. Eric F. Mason and Troy W. Martin; RBS 77; Atlanta: SBL, 2014), 27-40. I find the case for 2 Peter’s use of Jude fairly compelling and think that 2 Peter is probably the latest New Testament text, exhibiting contact with 1 Peter (2 Pet 3:1-2), Paul’s letters (2 Pet 3:15-16), and Matthew’s Gospel (2 Pet 1:17; 2:20). Yet for the counter-argument that Jude was literarily dependent on 2 Peter on the basis that Jude improved the grammar, structure, and style of 2 Peter, see Mark D. Matthews, “The Literary Relationship of 2 Peter and Jude: Does the Synoptic Tradition Solve this Synoptic Problem?” Neotestamentica 44.1 (2010): 47-66.

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