Robert Myles and I have co-written an article that will be published with Novum Testamentum where we explore the arguments for and against identifying the anonymous disciple in John 18:15-16 as the beloved disciple, investigate how some Christian authorities rationalized how the Apostle John (presumed to be the beloved disciple) could be on close terms with the Jerusalem high priest, and analyze the Galilean fishing economy. Robert Myles has posted the pre-publication version on his academia.edu page. For me, this article shows that John 18:15-16 is incompatible with the traditional identification of the beloved disciple as John, the son of the Galilean fisherman Zebedee. Here is a further bibliography of sources that are available online:
- Batten, Alicia J. “Fishing Economy in the Sea of Galilee.” Bible Odyssey
- Hanson, K. C. “The Galilean Fishing Economy and the Jesus Tradition.” Biblical Theology Bulletin 27 (1997): 99-111.
- Garza-DiazB, Andrea. “The Archaeological Excavations at Magdala.” Ancient History Encyclopedia.
- Hakola, Raimo. “The Production and Trade of Fish as Source of Economic Growth in the First Century CE Galilee : Galilean Economy Reexamined.” Novum Testamentum 59.2 (2017): 111-130.
- Kloppenborg, John S. “Jesus, Fishermen and Tax Collectors: Papyrology and the Construction of the Ancient Economy of Roman Palestine.” Ephemerides theologicae lovanienses 94.4 (2018): 571-599.
- Myles, Robert J. “Fishing for Entrepreneurs in the Sea of Galilee? Unmasking Neoliberal Ideology in Biblical Interpretation.” Bible & Interpretation.
- Zapata-Meza, Marcela. “The Fishy Secret to Ancient Magdala’s Economic Growth.” Bible History Daily.
- See also Ben Witherington III’s interviews with Richard Bauckham on his edited volume Magdala of Galilee: A Jewish City in the Hellenistic and Roman Period here, here, here, here, here, here, and here.